It is a word of Greek origin, ἀποκάλυψις – apokálypsis, usually translated as “revelation”. The root is καλύπτω – kálypto, which means “to cover” or “to hide” and the ἀπο – apo preposition means “away” or “from” so, apocalypse means “to take the covering away from what had been secret or covered” and thus revealing something that previously had been invisible. According to general usage the term “apocalypse” has taken on the larger meaning of the “coming of deity to assert sovereignty” or “the coming of a messiah to judge, reward and punish humanity”. In the modern parlance it became synonymous with “the end of the world”.
An archetype in the Jungian sense has 2 aspects:
- On one hand it is a pattern, typical primordial order of psychic images that has a collective or generalized quality and therefore can be seen as deriving from the Collective Unconscious.
- On the other hand it is a living psychic organism that inhabits the Collective Unconscious that appears to us as an entity like ourselves with intentionality and some semblance of consciousness.
Jungian psychology is a school of thought to study psychology and practice psychotherapy developed by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung. He named his approach analytical psychology, which in time became synonymous with Jungian psychology, in an effort to distinguish himself from the Freudian school of thought.
Enantiodromia refers to a “turning into its opposite”, high turning into low, cold turning into hot and so on. Carl Gustav Jung coined this term from the ancient Greek words: ἐναντίος – enantios, meaning “opposite” and δρόμος – dromos meaning “running course”.